PAKISTAN’S BUSINESS COMMUNITY TRADE FACILITATION WITH AFRICA: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF KENYA AND SOUTH AFRICA

Main Article Content

Tariq Khan Khan

Abstract

ABSTRACT


 


Purpose: Exploring the role of business companies in facilitating trade between Pakistan and Africa, this paper focuses in particular on Kenya and South Africa . It examines the impact of these companies on bilateral trade relations, lessons learned from the trade facilitation experiences of Pakistan's business community in Kenya and South Africa and their implications for future trade partnerships.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khan, T. K. (2023). PAKISTAN’S BUSINESS COMMUNITY TRADE FACILITATION WITH AFRICA: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF KENYA AND SOUTH AFRICA. NUST Business Review, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.37435/NBR23061001
Section
Articles

References

Amir, S., & Khan, U. E. (2020). Market Access Series 2020-21: The Republic of South

Africa. Available at https://www.pbc.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/TheRepublic-of-South-Africa.pdf, (Retrieved 18 March 2021)

Ahmadani, A. (2023). "Pakistan decides to enhance relationship with African

countries",Profit by Pakistan Today, available

at:https://profit.pakistantoday.com.pk/2023/05/04/pakistan-decides-toenhance-relationship-with-african-countries/ (Retrieved 20 May 2023).

Ahmad, Dr. I. (2022). (rep.). Pakistan Economic Survey 2021-22 (pp. 1–548). Economic

Adviser’s Wing, Ministry of Finance. Available at

https://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapter_22/Economic%20Survey%202

-22.pdf (Retrieved 18 March 2023)

Ali, S. (2022). "Pak 'Engage Africa' policy has rejuvenated trajectory of relations with

African countries, NA committee told",The Nation, available at:

https://www.nation.com.pk/25-Oct-2022/pak-engage-africa-policy-hasrejuvenated-trajectory-of-relations-with-african-countries-na-committeetold (Retrieved 10 January 2023).

Altaf, A. (Retd) T. (2020). Pakistan's Engage Africa Policy (Policy Brief No. 9), pp. 1-3

IPS, available at: https://www.ips.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/07-

Foreign-policy-Brief-9-Pakistan-Engage-Africa-Policy.pdf (Retrieved April

, 2023).

Andae, G. (2023), "Kenya in Talks to Barter Tea for Pakistani Rice",Business Daily

Africa, available at:

https://www.businessdailyafrica.com/bd/markets/commodities/kenya-intalks-to-barter-tea-for-pakistani-rice--4141208 (Retrieved 10 May 2023).18

Anouar, S. (2022), "Pakistan Eyes African Market with Call to Boost Trade with

Morocco", Morocco World News, available at:

https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2022/10/352055/pakistan-eyesafrican-market-with-call-to-boost-trade-with-morocco (Retrieved 16

January 2023).

Asif. (2023), "Round Table Discussion on 'African Continental Free Trade Area'

Held",Associated Press of Pakistan, available

at:https://www.app.com.pk/national/round-table-discussion-on-africancontinental-free-trade-area-held/ (Retrieved 12 June 2023).

Asma Rashid, & Ghauri, A. (2020). Pakistan’s Trade with Africa: Peculiarities and

Road ahead. Margalla Papers, 24(1), 122–131.

Begashaw, B. (2020). Strategies to Deliver On the Sustainable Development Goals in

Africa. (1st ed.). Africa Growth Initiative at Brookings. Available at

https://www.brookings.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2020/01/ForesightAfrica20

_20200110.pdf (Retrieved 24 June 2022)

Bishnoi, R., & Kumari, S. (2020). Challenges Faced by FPOs & Strategies to

Overcome: A Review. International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science

and Technology (IJAAST), 7(6), 25-33.

Bughio , Z. N. (2021). Pakistan and Africa: the common thread. Available at

https://www.brecorder.com/news/40092194 (Retrieved 18 March 2023)

Cho, J. Y., & Lee, E. H. (2014). Reducing confusion about grounded theory and

qualitative content analysis: Similarities and differences. Qualitative

Report, 19(32). Available at

https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1232&context=asc

_papers (Retrieved 25 May 2023)

Telecom Review Africa (2023). Kenya's Digital Future: A Journey of Connectivity,

Innovation and Prosperity. Telecom Review Africa. Available at

https://www.telecomreviewafrica.com/en/articles/features/3408-kenya-sdigital-future-a-journey-of-connectivity-innovation-and-prosperity

(Retrieved 25 May 2023)

Pakistan and Kenya in Barter Trade (2023). Maritime Gateway. Available at

https://www.maritimegateway.com/pakistan-and-kenya-in-barter-trade/

(Retrieved 15 March 2023)

Pakistan's largest Thar coal-based power plant turned on (2023). Pakistan Observer.

Available at https://pakobserver.net/pakistans-largest-thar-coal-basedpower-plant-turned-on/ (Retrieved 10 March 2023)

García, M.C.D and Carter, S. (2009), "Resource mobilization through business

owners' networks: is gender an issue?” International Journal of Gender and

Entrepreneurship, 1(3), pp. 226-252, doi:DOI 10.1108/17566260910990919

South Africa Keen to Expand Ties with Pakistan: Envoy (2022). Islamabad Post,

available at: https://islamabadpost.com.pk/south-africa-keen-to-expandties-with-pakistan-envoy-2/ (Retrieved 16 January 2023).19

Dykan, V. (2021). Evaluating the Efficiency of the Synergistic Effect in the Business

Network. Journal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research, 1(2), 51–61.

doi:10.15549/jeecar.v8i1.646.

Pakistan-Africa Trade Development Conference Offers 100s of Avenues for New

Business Growth (2022). Sandton Chronicles. Available at

https://sandtonchronicle.co.za/323765/pakistan-africa-trade-developmentconference-offers-100s-of-avenues-for-new-business-growth/ (Retrieved 6

January 2023)

Fatima, J. (2023). Exploring the Road Ahead: Pakistan, Ethiopia, andthe Look Africa

Initiative in the Realm Of Bilateral Economic Collaboration. Journal of

Positive School Psychology, 7(6), 37-57.

Ilyas, I. (2021). (rep.). "Exploring Pakistan's Trade Potential in the African Region", pp.

-59, TDAP, available at: https://tdap.gov.pk/wpcontent/uploads/2022/03/Exploring-Pakistans-Trade-Potential-in-theAfrican-Region.pdf (Retrieved 10 January 2023).

Kahongeh, J. (2020). Pakistan-Kenya Relations. Available at

https://cdn.nation.co.ke/pdfs/Pakistan-Kenya_Relations_Feature.pdf,

(Retrieved 20 April 2021)

Khan, T. (2021). Pakistan’s Trade Policy towards Prioritized African States: Case of SouthSouth Cooperation (thesis). Bahria University, Islamabad.

Khan, A. A. (2020). Expanding Diplomatic Footprint: Pakistan and East Africa.

Center for Strategic and Contemporary Research. Available at

https://cscr.pk/explore/themes/trade-economics/expanding-diplomaticfootprint-pakistan-and-east-africa/ (Retrieved 20 February 2023)

Khan, A. A. (2021). Pakistan's Engage Africa Policy and the Future of Pak-Afro Ties.

CSCR. Available at https://cscr.pk/explore/themes/tradeeconomics/pakistans-engage-africa-policy-and-the-future-of-pak-afro-ties/

(Retrieved 2 February 2023)

Khan, Dr. U. A. (2022). Anomalies in Pak-Africa bilateral trade regime. Tribune.

Available at https://tribune.com.pk/story/2385879/anomalies-in-pak-africabilateral-trade-regime (Retrieved 20 January 2023)

Khan, M. Z. (2017). Pakistan's 'Look Africa Plan' Envisions Greater Bilateral Trade.

Dawn., Available at https://www.dawn.com/news/1359489 (Retrieved 20

February 2023)

Khan, T., & Naidu & Muresan. (24 March 2021). AFCFTA and Africa, Pakistan’s

Africa Policy. A video and online interview. Youtube, Islamabad, Available

at https://youtu.be/oa0GoCGNdZQ (Retrieved 21 April 2023)

Khan, U. E. (2022). Pakistan-Kenya Bilateral Trade Analysis. (Ser. Country Report,

pp. 1-42). TDAP. Available at https://tdap.gov.pk/wpcontent/uploads/2022/01/1.3-Kenya_final.pdf (Retrieved 16 March 20230

Kundi, I. A. (2022). "3rd Pakistan Africa Trade Development Conference in South

Africa from 29th",The Nation, available at:https://www.nation.com.pk/23-

Nov-2022/3rd-pakistan-africa-trade-development-conference-in-southafrica-from-29th (Retrieved 20 February 2023).20

Krishnan, Dr. S. V. (2018). Africa -Pakistan Relations. Available at

https://www.academia.edu/38328941/Africa_Pakistan_Relations_Dr_VK_p

df, (Retrieved 12 September 2020)

Mahmood, T., & Arshed, N. (2022). Identifying the Demand-Based financial issues

in the agriculture sector of Pakistan: a qualitative thematic analysis. iRASD

Journal of Management, 4(1), 26-37.

Market Access Series 2020-21: The Republic of South Africa. PBC. (2021). Available

at https://www.pbc.org.pk/research/market-access-series-2020-21-therepublic-of-south-africa/ (Retrieved 20 February 2023)

Ministry of Commerce Pakistan. (2019). Look Africa Policy Initiative. Available at

https://www.commerce.gov.pk/look-africa-policy/ (Retrieved 20 November

Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (2021). Foreign Minister's Virtual Meeting on Economic

Diplomacy with Pakistani Envoys in African Countries [Press release].

Available at http://mofa.gov.pk/foreign-ministers-virtual-meeting-oneconomic-diplomacy-with-pakistanienvoys-in-african-countries/

(Retrieved 20 February 2023)

Nadeem, T., & Abbasi, A. (2022). (rep.). (F. Khaliq, , Ed.)The State of Pakistan’s

Economy (pp. 1–166). SBP. Available at

https://www.sbp.org.pk/reports/half/arFY22/Complete.pdf (Retrieved 18

March 2023)

Obulutsa, G. (2010). Kenya seeks investors for coal exploration. Reuters. Available at

https://www.reuters.com/article/kenyaexplorationidUSLDE68F05E2010091

(Retrieved 20 November 2022)

Paracha, S. (2019). Commerce Ministry's 'Look Africa Plan' A Mere Eyewash. Profit.

Available at https://profit.pakistantoday.com.pk/2019/02/21/commerceministrys-look-africa-plan-a-mere-eyewash/ (Retrieved 20 March 2023)

Pakistan exports to Kenya (2021). Available at

https://tradingeconomics.com/pakistan/exports/kenya (Retrieved 20 April

Raza, F. (2020). "Pakistan Engages Africa through Economic Diplomacy",Asia Times,

available at: https://asiatimes.com/2020/06/pakistan-engages-africa-througheconomic-diplomacy/ (Retrieved 20 December 2022).

Rashid, A. ., & Anjum Ghouri. (2020). Pakistan’s Trade with Africa: Peculiarities and

Road Ahead. Margalla Papers, 24(1), 122–131.

Rafique, N. (2020). ENGAGE AFRICA between Pakistan and African Countries. In

Proceedings of the two-day Envoys’ Conference. Available at

https://issi.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/ENGAG_AFRICA_Nov_27-

_-2019.pdf (Retrieved 18 March 2021)

Rössler, P. (2013). Comparative content analysis. In The Handbook of Comparative

Communication Research (pp. 481-490). Routledge.

Saffee, A. (2017). Reinvigorating Pakistan's 'Look Africa' Policy. Briefs. Islamabad:

Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad. Retrieved 20 March 2023 from21

http://issi.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Final_IB_Saffee_dated_10-4-

pdf

Salahuddin, S. (2021). Reinvigorating Pakistan and Africa Relations through

Enhancing Cross Continental Trade. Islamabad: Center for Global and

Strategic Studies. Available at

https://cgss.com.pk/paper/pdf/Reinvigorating-Pakistan-and-Africa

Relations-through-Enhancing-Cross-Continental-Trade.pdf (Retrieved 20

December 2022)

Siddiqa, A. (2022). Cultural and creative industries: Roadmap to expanding

Pakistani exports to Africa. The Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 30(2),

-34.

Siddiqui, R. A. (2019). "Pakistan-Africa Relations: Appraisal and Future

Prospects",Politico Pakistan, available

at:https://pakistanpolitico.com/pakistan-africa-relations-appraisal-andfuture-prospects/ (Retrieved 20 January 2023)

Storonyanska, I., Ivashko, O., &Mieszajkina, E. (2022). Trust as a Catalyst of

Economic Growth: A National and Regional Breakdown. Sustainability,

(15168), 1–14. Doi: 10.3390/su142215168.

Staff, P. (2022). 3rd Pakistan-Africa Trade Development Conference Concludes,

Available at https://propakistani.pk/2022/12/01/3rd-pakistan-africa-tradedevelopment-conference-concludes/ (Retrieved 18 March 2021)

Sulaiman, S. (2022). Economic Diplomacy in Africa: Options and Opportunities for

Pakistan. Journal of Contemporary Studies, 11(1), 1–16.

https://doi.org/10.54690/jcs.v11i1.209

The New International. (2020). "Pakistan Aims to Double Trade with Africa in Five

Years". available at:https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/606477-pakistanaims-to-double-trade-with-africa-in-five-years (Retrieved 20 March 2023).

Todeva, E. (2014). Business network theory and the role of country of origin. World

Congress of Sociology Facing an Unequal World: Challenges for Global

Sociology. Available at

https://isaconf.confex.com/isaconf/wc2014/webprogram/Paper67029.html

(Retrieved April 15, 2023)

Vaismoradi, M., Turunen, H., &Bondas, T. (2013). Content analysis and thematic

analysis: Implications for conducting a qualitative descriptive study.

Nursing & Health Sciences, 15(3), 398-405.

Dykan, V., Pakharenko, O., Saienko, V., Skomorovskyi, A., & Neskuba, T. (2021).

Evaluating the efficiency of the synergistic effect in the business

network. Journal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research

(JEECAR), 8(1), 51-61..

Wasike, A. (2020). Pakistan-Africa Trade Conference kicks off in Nairobi. Available

at https://www.aa.com.tr/en/africa/pakistan-africa-trade-conference-kicksoff-in-nairobi/1719269 (Retrieved 20 April 2022)22

Zeb Khan, Mubarak. (2017). "Pakistan's ‘Look Africa Plan’ Envisions Greater

Bilateral Trade". Dawn, Available a https://www.dawn.com/news/1359489

(Retrieved 5 April 2023)